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How to Make CBD Oil: A Beginner’s Guide

To make cbd oil, soak hemp plant material in a high-proof alcohol and then cook it over low heat. The resulting liquid can be strained and consumed as oil or used in various cbd-infused products.

Cannabidiol, commonly known as cbd, has gained considerable popularity as a natural remedy for various ailments. Although one can purchase cbd oil in stores, many people prefer to make their cbd oil, as it gives them more control over the final product.

Making cbd oil requires primarily soaking hemp plant material in a high-proof alcohol and then cooking it over low heat. The process results in a cbd oil that can be used in various forms, such as tinctures, topicals, or edibles. This article will describe how to make cbd oil in detail, including the equipment needed, the preparation process, and testing the final product’s cbd concentration.

How to Make CBD Oil: A Beginner's Guide


Understanding Cbd Extraction Methods

What Is Cbd?

Cannabidiol, or cbd, is a substance derived from the cannabis plant. Unlike thc, another well-known compound found in cannabis, cbd contains no psychoactive effects. Cbd has gained popularity due to its potential health benefits, including pain relief, reduction of anxiety and depression symptoms, and alleviation of cancer-related symptoms.

Why Extract Cbd?

Extracting cbd from the cannabis plant is necessary to obtain high levels of this compound for use in various products. Cannabis plants contain low levels of cbd, making it challenging to obtain potent cbd oil without proper extraction. Additionally, the extraction process isolates cbd, separating it from unwanted components.

Different Methods For Cbd Extraction

There are several methods used to extract cbd oil from the cannabis plant, including co2 extraction, solvent extraction, olive oil extraction, and steam distillation.

Co2 Extraction

Co2 extraction is the most popular method of extracting cbd oil. This process involves using carbon dioxide as a solvent to separate cbd from the plant material. The process is efficient and ensures that the resulting product is pure and free from harmful chemicals.

However, it is an expensive method because it requires specialized equipment.

Solvent Extraction

Solvent extraction involves the use of a solvent, such as ethanol or butane, to extract cbd from the cannabis plant. While it is an effective method, it can leave behind trace amounts of the solvent in the extracted oil.

Olive Oil Extraction

Olive oil extraction is a simple and safe extraction method. The process involves heating the plant material and then adding olive oil to extract cbd from the plant material. While this method is effective, the resulting product has a short shelf life.

Steam Distillation

Steam distillation uses steam to extract cbd from the plant material. This method of extraction is common for extracting essential oils from plants, but it is less efficient when used to extract cbd from the cannabis plant.

Pros And Cons Of Each Method

Each method of extraction has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Co2 extraction provides a pure and potent product, but it is an expensive process. Solvent extraction is an effective method but can leave behind trace amounts of the solvent.

Olive oil extraction is simple and safe but results in a product with a short shelf life. Steam distillation is not as efficient in extracting cbd from the plant material as other methods.

By understanding the different cbd extraction methods, you can determine which method is best for your intended use. Whether you require a pure and potent product or a simple method of extraction, there is an extraction method that will meet your needs.

Materials Needed For Making Cbd Oil

Hemp Source

Before making cbd oil, it is crucial to have high-quality hemp. Hemp that has been grown with pesticides or herbicides can contaminate the final product, which could lead to harmful side effects. Here’s what you need to know when selecting your hemp source:

  • Choose hemp that has been grown organically and free from pesticides or herbicides.
  • Ensure that the hemp strain you choose yields a high amount of cbd.
  • Obtain your hemp from a reputable and trustworthy source.

To ensure you have all the necessary information, research the supplier you decide to use before making any purchases.

Extraction Equipment

Different methods can be employed to extract cbd from the hemp plant. These methods significantly impact the quality and purity of the final product. Here are some of the common options for extraction equipment:

For Co2 Extraction

  • Closed-loop extraction system
  • Co2 tank and regulator
  • Extraction vessel
  • Separation funnel
  • Rotary evaporator

For Solvent Extraction

  • Heat source
  • Double boiler
  • Extraction vessel
  • Solvent (such as ethanol)
  • Separation funnel
  • Rotary evaporator

For Steam Distillation

  • Distillation kit
  • Heat source
  • Water
  • Hemp plant materials

Carrier Oil

Cbd oil typically requires a carrier oil to make it easier to consume. A carrier oil is an oil that is used to dilute the cbd concentrate, making it easier to measure a dose and consume. Here are some of the most common carrier oils:

  • Mct (medium chain triglycerides) oil
  • Hemp seed oil
  • Coconut oil

Kitchen Equipment

If you plan to make cbd oil at home, you’ll need some kitchen equipment. Kitchen equipment can include:

  • Double boiler
  • Candy thermometer
  • Mixing bowls
  • Whisk
  • Funnel
  • Cheesecloth
  • Mason jars

Safety Gear

When making cbd oil at home, it’s crucial to use safety gear to protect yourself from potential hazards. Here are some of the necessary safety gear to use:

  • Gloves
  • Goggles
  • Apron
  • Protective mask

Remember, safety gear should always be worn when making any herbal extraction.

Step-By-Step Guide To Making Cbd Oil


Before embarking on the process of making cbd oil, it’s essential to prepare adequately to ensure a smooth and successful process. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Research and choose the cbd strains you want to use
  • Determine the required amount of raw materials and calculate the correct dosage for your needs
  • Secure a well-ventilated workspace and appropriate safety gear
  • Collect all the necessary equipment, including a thermometer, grinder, and extraction tool.
  • Get high-quality carrier oil, such as coconut oil, to use in the final product.

Choosing The Extraction Method

The method used in extracting cbd oil plays a significant role in the final product’s quality and purity. Here are the three most popular extraction methods:

  • Co2 extraction: This method requires a lot of expertise and equipment, but it produces the purest and safest cbd oil.
  • Solvent extraction: Uses a solvent such as ethanol or butane to extract the cbd, which can produce high yields if done correctly.
  • Steam distillation: This process involves using steam to separate the cbd oil from the hemp plant material. It’s ideal for small scale production and produces high-quality oil.

Preparation Of Raw Materials

Once you have chosen your preferred method, it’s crucial to prepare the raw materials. Here are some critical points to consider:

  • Remove the stems, seeds, and leaves from the plant material.
  • Thoroughly dry the plant material using a dehumidifier or by hanging it in a dry place.
  • Grind the dried plant matter to a fine powder using a grinder.

Setting Up A Workspace

Working with cbd oil requires special care and attention, and it’s essential to set up a proper workspace to ensure your safety. Here are some key points to remember:

  • Ensure there is proper ventilation to avoid inhaling any fumes produced during the extraction process.
  • Use a fire extinguisher and keep it in a readily accessible area.
  • Wear protective gear such as gloves, goggles, and a mask to minimize the risk of burns and inhalation.

Safety Precautions

Cbd oil extraction is potentially dangerous, and there are crucial safety precautions to take to prevent accidents. Here are a few vital points to remember:

  • Store the solvents in a secure location and keep them away from flames and heat sources.
  • Avoid smoking or using any naked flames near the workspace.
  • Ensure that all the equipment and tools are in good working condition and are free from any damage.


The extraction method you choose will determine the best extraction process to follow.

Co2 Extraction Process

  • Load the finely ground raw material into an extraction vessel.
  • Apply high pressure and low temperature to the extractor to filter the cbd from the plant material.
  • Filter the oil to remove the plant matter, resulting in pure cbd oil.

Solvent Extraction Process

  • Add the solvent to the ground plant material to dissolve the cbd oil.
  • Filter the oil to remove the plant material, resulting in a concentrated cbd oil.
  • Evaporate the solvent from the cbd oil using a low heat source.

Steam Distillation Process

  • Place the plant material into the distillation vessel.
  • Heat the vessel to generate steam, which will carry the cbd oil out of the plant material.
  • Collect the oil and water mixture and separate the oil from the water using a separating funnel.

Filter And Decarboxylation

Once the cbd oil is extracted, it’s essential to further refine it by filtering out any plant matter and activating the cbd. Here’s how:

  • Use a cheesecloth or coffee filter to strain the oil and remove any plant matter or residue.
  • Decarboxylate the oil by heating it in an oven to convert any remaining cbda to cbd, resulting in more effective oil.

Mixing With Carrier Oil

The final step in making cbd oil is mixing the extracted cbd oil with a carrier oil such as coconut oil. Here’s how:

  • Add the desired amount of cbd oil to the carrier oil.
  • Heat the mixture to combine the oils thoroughly.
  • Let the mixture cool, stirring occasionally to ensure it’s fully combined and distributed.

Storing And Labeling Cbd Oil

Storing cbd oil correctly is crucial to maintaining its potency and quality. Here are some key points to find useful:

  • Store the oil in a dark and cool place.
  • Label the oil accurately with the date of production and the dosage.
  • Check the oil’s expiration date regularly and discard any expired oil to prevent using ineffective or unsafe oil.

Dosage And Possible Side Effects

Finding The Right Dosage

When it comes to using cbd oil, finding the appropriate dosage can be tricky since every individual’s reaction to cbd oil can vary. Here are some tips for finding the right dosage:

  • Start small: Begin with a low dose of 5mg to 10mg of cbd oil and observe any changes in your body.
  • Gradually increase: If the initial dosage is not providing the desired effect, gradually increase the dose by 5mg to 10mg every week until you achieve your desirable level.
  • Consider your weight: Your weight can influence the effectiveness of the dosage, so it is recommended to take 1-6mg cbd per 10lbs of body weight.
  • Follow the manufacturer’s instructions: Always read and follow the instructions on the label. If unsure, and always talk to your doctor or healthcare provider first.

Possible Side Effects And How To Mitigate Them

Like any other medication, cbd oil can cause side effects in some individuals. The good news is that the side effects of cbd oil are typically mild and well-tolerated. Here are some of the common side effects of cbd oil:

  • Dry mouth: Cbd oil can reduce saliva production, leading to dry mouth. Be sure to increase your water intake to keep yourself hydrated.
  • Dizziness and low blood pressure: In some individuals, cbd oil can cause a drop in blood pressure, leading to dizziness. If this occurs, try lying down until the symptoms subside.
  • Sleepiness: Cbd oil can make you feel drowsy during the day. Start by taking it before bed or at a time where you can relax.

When To Seek Medical Attention

If you experience severe side effects after using cbd oil, stop using it and seek medical attention immediately. Here are some signs you need to look out for:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Severe dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Rapid heartbeat

Cbd oil has numerous health benefits and can be an effective natural remedy for various ailments. But, as with anything you introduce into your system, it’s imperative to start with a small dose, monitor for changes, and talk to your doctor before use, especially if you take other medications or have underlying health issues.

Frequently Asked Questions On How To Make Cbd Oil

How Do You Extract Cbd Oil?

Cbd oil can be extracted from the hemp plant using various methods such as co2 extraction, ethanol extraction, or oil infusion. Co2 extraction is the most popular and efficient method, producing high-quality cbd oil.

What Are The Health Benefits Of Cbd Oil?

Cbd oil has anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, and anti-anxiety properties. It is commonly used to treat chronic pain, anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders. It may also reduce symptoms related to neurological disorders such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis.

Is It Legal To Make Cbd Oil?

The legality of making cbd oil depends on the laws in your country or state. In some places, it is legal to grow hemp and make cbd oil as long as the thc content is within legal limits. However, other places may have stricter regulations.

What Equipment Do You Need To Make Cbd Oil?

To make cbd oil, you will need a quality hemp plant, a grinder, a double boiler or crockpot, cheesecloth, and a glass jar or dropper bottle. You may also need a pipette or syringe to measure and dispense the oil.

How Do You Use Cbd Oil?

Cbd oil can be ingested by placing a few drops under the tongue and holding it there for 30-60 seconds before swallowing. It can also be added to food or drinks, applied topically to the skin, or used in a vaporizer.

The dosage and method of use depend on the individual’s needs and preferences.


With legal cbd products gaining popularity around the world, making cbd oil at home has never been easier. By following these simple steps, you can create high-quality cbd oil in the comfort of your own home. Of course, it is important to source high-quality hemp plants, and to follow manufacturers’ instructions when using any hemp-based products.

Once you have the materials you need, making cbd oil requires nothing more than a little patience and attention to detail. With practice, you can create cbd oil that fits your specific needs, whether you want to help manage pain or simply relax.

No matter your reason for making cbd oil, it is important to always research the process thoroughly and use safe practices. With these tips, you can explore the benefits of cbd oil in a cost-effective and convenient way.