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Exploring the Best of Czech Republic: Top Must-See Attractions and Hidden Gems

Photo things to see in czech republic

The Czech Republic, located in Central Europe, is a country known for its rich culture and history. It is bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast. The country has a population of approximately 10.7 million people and covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers.

The Czech Republic has a long and fascinating history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to prehistoric times. Throughout the centuries, the region has been influenced by various cultures and empires, including the Celts, Romans, and Slavs. In the 9th century, the Great Moravian Empire emerged, followed by the Kingdom of Bohemia in the 13th century.

One of the highlights of the Czech Republic is its cultural heritage and artistic achievements. The country is home to numerous UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, and Kutná Hora. The Czech Republic is also known for its contributions to literature, music, and film. Famous Czech authors include Franz Kafka and Milan Kundera, while composers such as Antonín Dvořák and Bedřich Smetana have left a lasting impact on classical music.

Key Takeaways

  • The Czech Republic is a country with a rich culture and history.
  • Prague is a city with a hundred spires and a must-visit destination.
  • Bohemian Paradise is a nature lover’s dream destination with stunning landscapes.
  • Cesky Krumlov is a fairytale town in South Bohemia with secrets to uncover.
  • Karlstejn Castle is a unique Gothic masterpiece that is worth visiting.

Discovering Prague: The City of a Hundred Spires

Prague, the capital city of the Czech Republic, is often referred to as the “City of a Hundred Spires” due to its stunning architecture and skyline. The city is divided into several districts, with the historic center being a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here you will find iconic landmarks such as Prague Castle, St. Vitus Cathedral, and Charles Bridge.

Exploring Prague’s historic center is like stepping back in time. The narrow cobblestone streets are lined with colorful buildings that date back centuries. One of the best ways to experience the city is by taking a leisurely stroll through the Old Town Square, where you can admire the Astronomical Clock and the Tyn Church. Don’t forget to visit the Jewish Quarter, which is home to several synagogues and the Old Jewish Cemetery.

When it comes to food, Prague has a lot to offer. Traditional Czech cuisine is hearty and delicious, with dishes such as goulash, svíčková (marinated beef with creamy sauce), and trdelník (a sweet pastry) being popular choices. For a taste of local beer, head to one of Prague’s many beer gardens or pubs. The city is known for its excellent beer culture, with Pilsner Urquell and Budweiser Budvar being two of the most famous Czech beer brands.

Exploring the Bohemian Paradise: A Nature Lover’s Dream Destination

For nature lovers, the Bohemian Paradise nature reserve is a must-visit destination in the Czech Republic. Located in the northern part of the country, this area is known for its stunning rock formations, dense forests, and picturesque hiking trails.

The Bohemian Paradise offers a variety of outdoor activities for visitors to enjoy. Hiking is a popular choice, with trails ranging from easy walks to more challenging routes. One of the highlights of the area is the Prachov Rocks, a series of sandstone formations that offer breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

If you prefer cycling, there are several bike paths that wind through the Bohemian Paradise. You can rent a bike and explore at your own pace, stopping along the way to admire the scenery or have a picnic.

Accommodations in the area range from cozy guesthouses to luxury hotels. Many of them are located in small villages or towns, allowing you to experience the charm of rural life in the Czech Republic. Don’t forget to try some traditional Czech dishes while you’re there, such as smažený sýr (fried cheese) or trdelník (a sweet pastry).

Uncovering the Secrets of Cesky Krumlov: A Fairytale Town in South Bohemia

Category Metric
Population 13,000
Location South Bohemia, Czech Republic
UNESCO World Heritage Site Yes
Attractions Castle, Old Town Square, St. Vitus Church, Egon Schiele Art Center
Annual Visitors Over 2 million
History Founded in the 13th century, ruled by various noble families, and heavily damaged during World War II
Local Cuisine Cesky Krumlov Dumplings, Roast Duck, Trout
Transportation Accessible by train or bus from Prague, Vienna, or Salzburg

Cesky Krumlov, located in the South Bohemia region of the Czech Republic, is a fairytale town that seems to have been frozen in time. The town’s history dates back to the 13th century, and its well-preserved architecture and charming atmosphere make it a popular destination for tourists.

One of the highlights of Cesky Krumlov is its castle, which is the second largest in the Czech Republic after Prague Castle. The castle complex includes a museum, gardens, and a tower that offers panoramic views of the town and surrounding countryside. Don’t miss the Baroque Theater, which is one of the best-preserved theaters of its kind in Europe.

In addition to its castle, Cesky Krumlov is home to several museums and galleries that showcase the town’s rich history and artistic heritage. The Egon Schiele Art Centrum is a must-visit for art lovers, as it houses a collection of works by the famous Austrian painter.

Throughout the year, Cesky Krumlov hosts a variety of cultural events and festivals. The Five-Petalled Rose Celebrations, held in June, are particularly popular. During this time, the town comes alive with medieval reenactments, concerts, and street performances.

Visiting the Majestic Karlstejn Castle: A Unique Gothic Masterpiece

Karlstejn Castle, located just outside of Prague, is a unique Gothic masterpiece that is well worth a visit. The castle was built in the 14th century by Emperor Charles IV as a place to store the crown jewels and other treasures of the Holy Roman Empire.

The castle’s interior features stunning vaulted ceilings, intricate woodwork, and colorful frescoes. The Chapel of the Holy Cross is particularly impressive, with its gold-plated walls and beautiful stained glass windows.

Outside, the castle is surrounded by lush forests and offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside. There are several hiking trails that lead to the castle, allowing visitors to enjoy the natural beauty of the area.

If you have time, consider combining a visit to Karlstejn Castle with other nearby attractions. The village of Karlstejn itself is charming and worth exploring, with its narrow streets and traditional Czech architecture. The nearby town of Beroun is also worth a visit, as it is home to several historic buildings and a picturesque town square.

Tasting the Best of Czech Cuisine: Traditional Dishes and Local Delicacies

Czech cuisine is hearty and delicious, with influences from neighboring countries such as Germany, Austria, and Hungary. Traditional Czech dishes often feature meat, potatoes, and cabbage, but there are also plenty of vegetarian options available.

One of the most famous Czech dishes is goulash, a stew made with beef, onions, and paprika. It is usually served with bread or dumplings. Another popular dish is svíčková, which consists of marinated beef served with a creamy sauce and cranberry compote.

For something sweet, try trdelník, a sweet pastry that is made by wrapping dough around a wooden cylinder and then grilling it over an open flame. It is often sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon.

When it comes to drinks, beer is king in the Czech Republic. The country has a long history of brewing beer, and there are hundreds of breweries throughout the country. Pilsner Urquell and Budweiser Budvar are two of the most famous Czech beer brands.

If you’re looking for a unique culinary experience, consider taking a food tour in Prague or one of the other major cities in the Czech Republic. These tours will take you to local markets, restaurants, and breweries, where you can sample traditional Czech dishes and learn about the country’s culinary traditions.

Relaxing in the Thermal Spas of Karlovy Vary: A Wellness Haven in Western Bohemia

Karlovy Vary, located in western Bohemia, is a popular destination for those seeking relaxation and wellness. The town is known for its thermal springs, which have been used for centuries for their healing properties.

There are several thermal spas in Karlovy Vary where visitors can enjoy a variety of treatments, including mineral baths, massages, and mud wraps. The water from the springs is rich in minerals such as sodium, calcium, and magnesium, which are believed to have a positive effect on the body.

In addition to its thermal spas, Karlovy Vary is also known for its historic architecture. The town is home to several beautiful buildings, including the Grandhotel Pupp, which has been featured in several films.

Throughout the year, Karlovy Vary hosts a variety of cultural events and festivals. The International Film Festival is one of the most famous, attracting filmmakers and celebrities from around the world.

When it comes to accommodations, there are several luxury hotels and spa resorts in Karlovy Vary that offer a range of wellness treatments. Many of these hotels are located near the thermal springs, allowing guests to easily access the healing waters.

Learning about the Czech Beer Culture: Breweries, Pubs, and Festivals

The Czech Republic has a long and proud tradition of brewing beer, and it is often considered one of the best beer destinations in the world. Czech beer is known for its high quality and unique flavors, thanks to the country’s pure water sources and traditional brewing methods.

There are hundreds of breweries throughout the Czech Republic, ranging from small craft breweries to large-scale operations. Some of the most famous Czech beer brands include Pilsner Urquell, Budweiser Budvar, and Staropramen.

One of the best places to experience Czech beer culture is in Prague. The city is home to numerous beer gardens, pubs, and breweries where you can sample a wide variety of beers. The U Fleků brewery, located in the heart of Prague, is one of the oldest breweries in the country and offers guided tours and tastings.

If you’re a beer lover, consider visiting the Czech Republic during one of its many beer festivals. The Czech Beer Festival, held in Prague in May, is one of the largest beer festivals in the country and features over 150 different beers from breweries across the Czech Republic.

Going off the Beaten Path: Hidden Gems and Lesser-Known Attractions

While Prague and other major cities in the Czech Republic are popular tourist destinations, there are also plenty of hidden gems and lesser-known attractions to discover.

One such gem is Olomouc, a historic city located in Moravia. Olomouc is known for its beautiful architecture, including the Holy Trinity Column, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city also has a vibrant cultural scene, with numerous theaters, galleries, and music festivals.

Another hidden gem is Telč, a small town located in southern Moravia. Telč is known for its well-preserved Renaissance architecture and picturesque town square. The town is also home to Telč Castle, which offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside.

For those interested in history, the town of Terezín is worth a visit. Terezín was used as a concentration camp during World War II and now serves as a memorial to the victims. The Terezín Memorial includes several museums and exhibitions that provide insight into this dark period of history.

Planning Your Trip to the Czech Republic: Tips, Recommendations, and Practical Information

When planning your trip to the Czech Republic, there are a few things to keep in mind. The country is part of the Schengen Area, which means that visitors from most countries will not need a visa for stays of up to 90 days. However, it is always a good idea to check the latest visa requirements before traveling.

The Czech Republic has an excellent transportation system, with trains and buses connecting major cities and towns. Prague has an extensive public transportation network, including trams, buses, and the metro. If you plan on traveling outside of the major cities, renting a car can be a convenient option.

In terms of safety, the Czech Republic is generally a safe country to visit. However, it is always important to take common-sense precautions and be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded tourist areas.

If you’re traveling on a budget, there are plenty of affordable accommodations and dining options available in the Czech Republic. Hostels and guesthouses are popular choices for budget travelers, while street food stalls and local markets offer delicious and inexpensive meals.

For families traveling with children, there are plenty of family-friendly activities and attractions in the Czech Republic. Many museums and cultural sites offer special programs for children, and there are several parks and playgrounds throughout the country.

When it comes to travel resources, guidebooks such as Lonely Planet or Rick Steves can provide valuable information about the Czech Republic. There are also several online tools and websites that can help you plan your trip, including travel blogs, forums, and booking platforms.

In conclusion, the Czech Republic is a land of rich culture and history that offers something for every traveler. From the stunning architecture of Prague to the natural beauty of the Bohemian Paradise, there is no shortage of attractions to explore. Whether you’re interested in art and culture, outdoor activities, or culinary delights, the Czech Republic has it all. So start planning your trip and get ready to discover the wonders of this beautiful country.


What are some popular tourist attractions in the Czech Republic?

Some popular tourist attractions in the Czech Republic include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square, the Jewish Quarter, and the St. Vitus Cathedral.

What are some natural attractions in the Czech Republic?

The Czech Republic has several natural attractions, including the Bohemian Paradise, the Moravian Karst, the Krkonoše Mountains, and the Český ráj.

What is the best time to visit the Czech Republic?

The best time to visit the Czech Republic is during the spring (March to May) and fall (September to November) when the weather is mild and the crowds are smaller. However, the summer months (June to August) are also popular for tourists.

What is the currency used in the Czech Republic?

The currency used in the Czech Republic is the Czech koruna (CZK).

What is the official language of the Czech Republic?

The official language of the Czech Republic is Czech.

What is the transportation system like in the Czech Republic?

The Czech Republic has a well-developed transportation system, including buses, trams, and trains. Prague also has a metro system. Taxis and rental cars are also available.

What is the food like in the Czech Republic?

The food in the Czech Republic is hearty and often includes meat, potatoes, and dumplings. Popular dishes include goulash, schnitzel, and roast pork with sauerkraut. Czech beer is also famous around the world.